Canada is a country in the northern part of North America, located to the north of the Republic of Gilead.
Canada occupies much of the continent of North America, sharing land borders with the Republic of Gildead to the south, and the state of Alaska, which is still controlled by the rump United States government, to the northwest.
Government and society Edit
Canada apparently remains a constitutional democracy (and a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations) following the fall of the mainland United States to the Republic of Gilead. Canada maintains a free press that has interviewed Americans who have escaped from Gilead.
There's a strong possibility the Canadian government is actively supporting the US military in their fight against the Republic of Gilead through the provision of arms, munitions and other military supplies. There's also a strong possibility the Canadian government has given asylum to US military personnel that escaped across the border with vital (and advanced) US military weapons and equipment to prevent said weapons and equipment from falling into the hands of the Republic of Gilead e.g. aircraft, nuclear weapons (both the USA and Canada are members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)).
As to why the Republic of Gilead hasn't invaded Canada in The Handmaid's Tale, there is a strong possibility that Canada is protected by the rump United States, the United States Armed Forces (who are still loyal to the US Government-in-exile in Anchorage, Alaska and are stationed in Canada to prevent Gilead from expanding its territory as well as to liberate the parts of the United States that are under Gilead rule), America's nuclear arsenal (which hasn't fallen into Gilead hands and has been moved into Canada), and by the member-states of NATO and the British Commonwealth e.g. UK, Australia, New Zealand etc to help bolster the Canadian Armed Forces' defence of the country.